Artichoke "Violetto precoce" - Cynara scolymus.
Hardiness Rating: 8, 9.
With sharp spines greatly reduced and larger, heavier bearing, consistent quality globe-shaped heads.
Sowing: sow outdoors in free draining soil in mid spring when the soil has warmed up. Sow 2-3 seeds in stations 30 cm apart. Seed sown outdoors usually flowers the year after sowing.
Growing: thin out so that there is one good plant every 6 cm. The thinnings can be transplanted.
Aftercare Instructions: after harvesting the main head, secondary heads will appear and these too can be used. In cold areas, cover the plant with a mulch of straw, compost or bracken to protect it through the winter.
Features of agricultural technology.
The soil for growing artichokes begins to be prepared in the fall. It is dug up to a depth of at least a full bayonet of a shovel, preliminarily adding 1 square meter in a bucket of rotted manure or compost, 1 tbsp each. spoonful of superphosphate and potash fertilizers, 0.5 cups of wood ash. If the soil on your site is still heavy, then it is better to form ridges 15-20 cm high so that the soil warms up better.
To grow an artichoke in the Urals and others northern regions, it is necessary to use the seedling method. To grow seedlings, artichoke seeds must be soaked in water for 10-12 hours 30-35 days before sowing, and then germinated for 5-6 days in a warm room at a temperature of +22 +25°C before pecking. Then, for vernalization, they must be placed on the lower shelf of the refrigerator for 25-30 days.
With the appearance of small sprouts, the seeds are sown in a box filled with a mixture of equal parts of humus, sod land and river sand. At temperatures above 20 degrees, the first real leaf will appear in 10-12 days. After that, the temperature is reduced to +12 +15°C so that the plants do not stretch too much and dive into pots or into a greenhouse. By the way, artichokes tolerate transplanting well.
Two weeks before planting in open ground, the seedlings of artichokes are gradually hardened, taking them out to the balcony or loggia, first for 2 hours, and then increasing this time.
In early June, the seedlings are planted in open ground, after digging it to a depth of 15-18 cm and adding 2-3 kg of humus per 1 sq. M. By this time, the seedlings have already reached the age of 55-60 days and are in the phase of 3-4 true leaves and have a height of about 20 cm.It is embedded in the soil a little deeper than it grew in a pot, and watered abundantly.
Before planting, a half-liter jar of humus is introduced into the holes and mixed with the soil. The distance between the plants in a row is 40-45 cm, and the row spacing is 70-80 cm. The planted plants are watered immediately. Watering is carried out regularly until the plants take root. With the appearance of inflorescences, plants are watered less often.
At first, plants poorly use the area allotted to them. Therefore, compaction plants with a short growing season (mustard leaves, lettuce) are usually planted next to them.
The artichoke is very responsive to feeding. Feeding with slurry and mineral fertilizers should preferably be carried out every 12-15 days after planting seedlings. A good result is given by feeding plants with complex fertilizer (2 tablespoons per bucket of water).
In the future, regular loosening, weeding is carried out. To obtain larger heads, no more than 2-3 peduncles with 3-4 baskets are left on the plant, the remaining shoots are removed.
Care must be taken to ensure that the plants are not damaged by slugs and rodents.
The artichoke is harvested at the end of July - August, cutting off the heads selectively, as they reach technical maturity, when the scales in their upper part begin to open. The appearance of flowers at the top of the head should not be allowed, since such heads are not suitable for food.
The artichoke fades very quickly, so you shouldn't be late with harvesting. The heads are cut off with a part of the stem 4-5 cm long.
Cut heads can be stored for up to 1.5 months at 0-1°C.
When frozen, artichokes lose their flavor and color.
Eng.: Garden Artichoke, Globe Artichoke. Suom.: Latva-artisokka. Sven.: Kronärtskocka.