Blue Granadilla "Сavalier Star" - Passiflora caerulea.
Plant type: flowering climbing plant.
Decorative period: from summer to early autumn.
Size: from 60 to 400 cm.
Flowers: up to 10 cm in diameter, solitary, axillary, with a slight aroma. Between the perianth and the stamens, a crown is formed of numerous threads, slightly wavy, brightly colored in blue or blue (purple at the base).
Leaves: alternate, finger-dissected into 5-7 oblong-lanceolate segments, bluish-green.
Temperature: + 16 + 21 ° С, in winter + 12 + 18 ° С.
Humidity: moderate and higher.
Watering: regular, limited in winter.
Top dressing: every 2-3 weeks in spring and summer.
Reproduction: cuttings up to 10 cm in the first half of summer at a temperature of + 18 + 20 ° C.
Soil: a mixture of deciduous soil, sod land, humus, peat, sand (1: 1: 1: 1: 1).
Possible problems: wilting of leaves due to cold and excessive moisture.
Purpose: in spacious rooms, greenhouses and conservatories.
Sowing: all year round. It is recommended to pre-soak the seeds for a day at a temperature of + 21 + 27 ° C.
Sowing to a depth of 2-5 mm in a well-drained soil substrate, consisting of loam in half with fine sand. To obtain friendly seedlings, it is necessary to maintain the optimum germination temperature + 19 + 24 ° С and constant humidity.
Pick in the phase of the first pair of true leaves, taking care (do not deepen the elongated seedlings).
It is desirable to provide seedlings with 12-hour daylight hours. For growing large specimens - planting in large containers.
Care consists of spraying the leaves and regular feeding in the spring and summer.
Placed in a well-lit place.
* Passionflower is recommended to be propagated by seeds in February-March.
Better, faster shoots give fresh passionflower seeds: freshly harvested ones usually germinate in 2 weeks, and old "stale" ones - in a month or more.
Experts advise to speed up the germination, lightly rub the passionflower seeds on sandpaper, and then immerse them in citrus juice (orange, lemon, grapefruit) for 12-20 hours. After that, passionflower seeds are sown in a loose substrate, for example:
- in a mixture of equal parts of peat, soil for seedlings and vermiculite;
- in neutral coconut fiber;
- in a mixture of leaf, peat, humus earth and sand in equal proportions.
The planting depth of seeds should be equal to three of their diameters.
Crops are sprayed with water from a spray bottle and covered with glass.
For the successful germination of passionflower seeds, it is important to maintain moderate soil moisture and high air humidity, ventilate the crops more often, regularly wiping condensate on the glass and turning it over. The temperature range for germinating passionflower seeds is + 20 + 25 degrees.
Eng.: Blue Granadilla. Suom.: Kärsimyspassio. Sven.: Blå Passionsblomma.
Did you know that ... passion flower is an outstanding stabilizer of the nervous system. Passionflower flowers are one of the oldest medicinal plants used by the Indians of South America to this day.
Passionflower is used for the following conditions and diseases: excessive neuro-emotional stress, increased nervous excitability, anxiety, functional insomnia, vegetative neuroses with an increase in blood pressure, a tendency to seizures, hyperactivity in children, spastic conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, etc.
Passiflora incarnata is especially valuable - the cut and dried aerial part of it is used as a sedative.